A hot plate is a heating instrument with a circular or a rectangular surface. It comes in various sizes and with single or double burner facility. It is a portable appliance that is used as a stove or a replacement of gas burner or an oven where facilities of kitchen are not there.
Types of hot plates
There are mainly 5 types of hot plates; ceramic, induction, infrared, electric and gas.
Gas hot plates
Gas hot plates provide instant heat and distribute it evenly across the bottom of the pan. They have the capability of achieving high heat quickly as compared to electric hot plates and turn off immediately when energy supply is stopped. Gas plates are professionally used by cooks but are being replaced with induction cooktops rapidly.
Ceramic hot plates
These plates are electric and have a smooth, easy to clean surface. They do heat up quickly but do not provide desired even distribution of heat to the bottom of the pan.
Induction hot plates
Induction plates use electricity as a fuel source and create a magnetic field between the induction element and the pan. This means that there is no flame and the surface does not heat up but the pan does. Induction hot plates heat up faster than the other hot plates. They are also energy-efficient as they only use the precise amount of energy that’s needed. Only magnetic-based cookware can be used for cooking on induction plates.
Electric hot plates
Electric hot plates use electric plates for heating the pots and pans. They have a unique metal coil through which the current flows. The cooktop usually comprises of ceramic glass. Heat is limited to the bottom of the cookware and the surrounding area remains relatively cool. The ceramic cooktops remain hot and continues the cooking process even after the energy transmission has stopped. This is visible through the lights on the stove that indicate the cooking process is in progress.
Infrared hot plates
Infrared hot plates are made of quartz infrared heating lamps encased in a metal dish that is corrosion protected. These lamps emit radiant heat and are usually surrounded by illuminated coils. The infrared heat is directly transferred to the pan or pot. They have as much as 3 times higher energy efficiency than electric coils. You do not need any special cookware either which you need with induction cooktops.